Articles for category: India and SADC (South African Development Community)

India and SADC (South African Development Community)

India and SADC (South African Development Community)

India and SADC (South African Development Community) Introduction: India’s relationship with the South African Development Community (SADC) represents a strategic pillar of its foreign policy towards Africa. SADC, established in 1980, comprises 16 member states, spanning across Southern Africa. The alliance aims to promote regional integration, socioeconomic development, and political stability in the region. India’s ...

Sovereignty

Sovereignty

Sovereignty Introduction The inception of sovereignty coincides with the rise of nation-states in Europe, a transformative period marked by the consolidation of centralized power under monarchs. This epoch witnessed the zenith of state authority, as monarchs asserted their dominion over disparate territories, laying the groundwork for the modern concept of sovereignty. However, sovereignty’s roots delve ...

Arctic Council

The Arctic Council: Navigating Cooperation in a Changing Arctic Landscape

Introduction: In the face of rapid environmental, economic, and geopolitical changes in the Arctic region, the Arctic Council has emerged as a crucial forum for fostering cooperation among Arctic states and indigenous communities. Established in 1996, the Arctic Council serves as a platform for dialogue, collaboration, and joint action on issues ranging from environmental protection ...

New Development Bank

The New Development Bank: Fostering Sustainable Development and Multilateral Cooperation

Introduction: In an era marked by global economic interdependence and the imperative of sustainable development, the emergence of the New Development Bank (NDB) represents a significant milestone in international financial architecture. Conceived as a response to the inadequacies of existing multilateral institutions, the NDB embodies a commitment to fostering inclusive growth, infrastructure development, and environmental ...

New International Economic Order

The New International Economic Order (NIEO): A Vision for Global Economic Justice in the 1970s

Introduction: In the tumultuous geopolitical landscape of the 1970s, the concept of the New International Economic Order (NIEO) emerged as a rallying cry for developing nations seeking to redress centuries of economic exploitation and inequality. Against the backdrop of decolonization, the Cold War rivalry, and rising social movements, the NIEO represented a bold vision for ...

Bretton Woods System

The Bretton Woods System: Architectural Pillar of Post-War Economic Order

Introduction: The Bretton Woods system stands as a cornerstone in the annals of international monetary history, representing a concerted effort by the global community to rebuild shattered economies and foster stability in the aftermath of World War II. Conceived during the seminal 1944 United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, this ...

International Criminal Court

The International Criminal Court: A Comprehensive Overview and Recent Developments

The International Criminal Court (ICC), headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands, stands as the world’s first permanent international criminal tribunal. Established through the adoption of the Rome Statute in July 1998, it officially entered into force in 2002, aiming to address and prosecute individuals for heinous international crimes. The ICC operates under the jurisdiction to prosecute ...

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): A Landmark Trade Agreement Shaping the Asian Economic Landscape

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), hailed as the world’s largest trading agreement, emerged as a transformative force in the global economic arena. Originating from negotiations dating back to the ASEAN Cambodia summit in 2012, RCEP aimed to facilitate the seamless flow of products and services across its diverse member ...

Permanent Court of Arbitration

The Permanent Court of Arbitration: A Pillar of International Dispute Resolution

The Permanent Court of Arbitration Introduction: The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), an esteemed intergovernmental organization headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands, has played a pivotal role in fostering peaceful resolutions to international disputes since its establishment in 1899. This article delves into the history, functions, and significance of the PCA, highlighting its role as a ...

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